Autism, a neurodevelopmental disorder, affects the individual’s behaviour, social, and communication functioning. To manage these behaviours and other associated challenges psychological interventions plays an important role for managing signs of autism. Diagnosing and helping people to cope with the disorder, is the first priority of an experienced psychologist.
Psychosocial interventions adopt various behavioural and educational strategies to support people with autism. Interventions such as applied behaviour analysis, sensory integration therapy, along with art, drama and music therapies are aimed at getting positive outcomes in people with autism.
Signs And Symptoms
Some of the most common signs and symptoms seen in a person with autism include:
Does not babble or point at objects of their desire
Failure to maintain steady eye contact
Does not respond when called by their name
Difficulty while interacting with peers
A gradual loss of some of the acquired skills
Unusual responses to sensory input
Repetitive behaviour such as rocking or flapping arms
Obsessive interest in objects/parts of the objects or repeat a particular topic
Prompt diagnosis of autism symptoms is important. Intensive early intervention can help a child in acquiring new skills and also hone the existing fragile skills. It may help them to succeed in school, acquire good jobs and perform tasks essential in their day to day life. Therefore, if parents notice signs of autism in their child, please arrange for an appointment with the family physician.
Experts such as psychologists, paediatricians, and neuro-psychologists can confirm the reason behind the brain and behavioural or emotional activities in people with autism. To make a perfect diagnosis, they draw information through:
Conducting interviews (patients and parents)
Observing the behaviour
Medical examinations to confirm the involvement of other conditions
Each person with autism displays different symptoms having a varied range of strengths and challenges. Psychologists recommend treatments and therapies based on the emotional, behavioural and cognitive requirements of each person. As the related conditions last a lifetime, the psychologists plan strategies that help people with autism to succeed in school, home, and at workplace. Their goal is to make them successful at every stage when moving towards adulthood.
Despite variations in the psychological approach, the goal is still to treat the symptoms and to provide a stable as well as independent life to people with autism. Some of the psychological interventions that support people's needs are:
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
Social Skills Training
Cognitive & Behavioural therapy
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
These developmental or behavioural interventions help people with autism to form a positive and meaningful relationship with others. The therapies focus on inducing skills (social and communication) useful in organized settings. They also develop skills beneficial for daily living.
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficiencies in speech, behaviour, and social interaction. It is also marked by restricted or repetitive patterns of action. Children with autism also display aggression, inability to focus, lack of cognitive skills, and hyperactivity. Gene mutation and environment toxins are said to be the causes of autism.
Exposures to environmental toxicants may happen during pre or post-natal stages in babies. It can lead to alterations in the developmental patterns and impaired neurological function. Toxics including lead, mercury, and arsenic are said to be the reason behind autism in children. A developing brain is more vulnerable to damage from toxicants than the adult brain.
Immune dysregulation, oxidative stress, and depleted glutathione are some of the effects seen in children with autism that arises because of environmental toxicants. They are at times, accompanied by symptoms like vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, and weight loss.
The diagnosis of children, suspected for environmental toxicant, includes screening for lead levels in the blood at regular intervals. Chelation of metal toxins is highly recommended to treat individuals with autism.
What Is Chelation Therapy For Autism?
Chelation therapy for autism is a process to rid the body from metal toxins. This procedure is done using chemical solutions like Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA). When injected into the bloodstream, they bind strongly with the metals and minerals like lead, mercury, iron, arsenic, and calcium in plaque form. The harmful metals are then excreted from the body through urine.
When the metals are removed from the body, the blood flows freely. The arteries are able to supply oxygenated blood to the brain. This may slow down the complication of autism from getting worse. EDTA acts as an antioxidant and protects the body from inflammation.
Is Chelation Therapy For Autism Safe?
There's no cure for autism. Complementary therapies are often suggested for treatment. However, chelation therapy for autism is found to be effective and sometimes harmful.
Most of the children who underwent chelation therapy with DMSA showed improvement in their behavior. The mercury levels measured before and after treatment, confirms the level of metal excreted from the body. It also helps to identify the behavioural differences among children. Children with autism show greater improvements in communication and social behaviour after chelation therapy.
But when administered in high doses, it may lead to serious consequences such as kidney damage. Some of the other negative effects include low blood sugar and high blood pressure.